José Eduardo dos Santos: President of the Republic of Angola, was born on August 28th 1942, the son of Eduardo Avelino dos Santos and of Jacinta José Paulino.He is married to Ana Paula dos Santos.

After completing his secondary schooling in Luanda (at the Liceu Salvador Correia) he then joined the MPLA in exile, in 1961. He graduated in 1969, in Petrol Engineering at the Institute of the Petroleum and gas of Baku (ex -Soviet Union).


Upon his return to Angola, he was named Minister of Foreign Affairs in the first Government constituted after the country' s Independence, Second Vice Prime Minister in 1978 and Minister of Planning in 1978-1979. He was elected President of the MPLA on September 20th, 1979 and invested in the post of President of the People's Republic of Angola until October of 1992, at which time, the presidential elections took place, which he won from the first with 49,6% of all votes.

From the mid-eighties onwards, he attempted to create objective conditions for the first deep political and economical reforms, with the help of young cadres recently graduated from the faculties of Engineering, Law and Economics. The war situation didn't permit these reforms to take place any earlier or faster. The Bicesse agreement that was a consequence of this opening, finally permitted a pause in the military conflict which created conditions for the adoption of a democratic regime and a free market.

One of the relevant points which has marked the beginning of José Eduardo dos Santos' s term in Office is that he never ratified any of the sentences passed down by the court when the death sentence was still in vigor, and he has also decisively contributed to its abolition in Angola.

From 1986 to 1992, José Eduardo dos Santos had been leading efforts to pacify the country and the region, all of which contributed to the retreat of the South-African invading forces, the repatriation of the Cuban contingent, the Independence of Narnibia and the end of the "apartheid " regime in South Africa.

During the serious crisis that followed and that was provoked by Unita's refusal to accept the UN's verdict that elections were "free and fair ", José Eduardo dos Santos was personally involved in leading the intense diplomatic activity that finally culminated in the complete international recognition of the Government of Angola; he also gave a new impulse to the organs of Sovereignty and organized the defense of democratic institutions, forcing the armed opponents to accept a negotiated solution to the conflict, as contained in the Lusaka Agreements of November 1994

On this basis, a National Government of Unity and Reconciliation was constituted, integrating elements from all political parties with Parliamentary seats, including the armed opposition itself.

Unfortunately, the Lusaka Agreement didn't lead Angola to a definite peace. In 1998, rebel forces returned to war, having re-armed in secret, convinced as they were that they could reach Power through a military solution.

Once again, José Eduardo dos Santos demonstrated his talent as a statesman capable of facing the delicate moments that the country was going through. He decided to fight the armed sub-version without resorting to a state of emergency or of siege, maintaining all democratic institutions in good functioning order in the country and assuring the rights, liberties and guarantees of all citizens.

The United Nations itself congratulated him on July 29th 2000 for his announcement that he would forgive I pardon all armed rebels, inc1uding their leader, if they recognized the legitimate authorities and contributed to the consolidation of the democratic regime, to the national reconciliation and to the development of the country.

Two years later, due to the implementation of a multilateral program of national resistance to war, on the Angolan President's initiative, an agreement was finally reached between the military leaders of the Government and of the armed rebels, who definitely put an end to war in Angola; this act was solemnly carried out in a ceremony which took place in Luanda on Apri14th,2000.

Around the same time, the Angolan President contributed in a decisive way to stabilizing the situation in the Republics of Congo-Brazzaville and the Democratic Congo, as well as searching for a political solution to the military conflict in the region of the Great Lakes.

Sharon Osbourne posts nude photo in solidarity with Kim Kardashian Kim Kardashian's latest scandal involves a nude photo -- and celebrities are publicly taking both sides of the issue. Pink, Chloe Grace Moretz and Bette Midler are among the stars that have called Kardashian out for her photo, while celebrities like Abigail Breslin, Miley Cyrus and, now, Sharon Osbourne have issued support for the reality TV star. SEE ALSO: Amber Rose defends Kim Kardashian's nude photo, slams Pink: 'You sing while you're half naked' pre bonded hairObsourne, who is one of the hosts of "The Talk," took to Twitter on Wednesday so express her solidarity with Kardashian, saying, "@kimkardashian you inspired me! #liberated#thetalk." The 63-year-old posted a photo along with the message that mimics Kardashian's: It's a nude mirror selfie with her right hand grabbing her neck and black bars covering her body. See more photos of Sharon Osbourne through the years:

UNITED STATES - JANUARY 01: Sharon, Aimee and Ozzy Osbourne (Photo by The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty Images) UNITED STATES - MARCH 01: Ozzy Osbourne, Sharon Osbourne (Photo by The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty Images) UNITED STATES - CIRCA 1984: British rocker Ozzy Osbourne wife Sharon and daughter Aimee. (Photo by David McGough/The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty Images) UNITED STATES - MARCH 01: Ozzy Osbourne, Sharon Osbourne (Photo by The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty Images) remy hair extensionsSharon Osbourne, the wife of rock singer Ozzy Osbourne, at desk, looking over scrapbook of her husband's clippings at home. (Photo by Terry Smith/The LIFE Images Collection/Getty Images) (L-R) Rock musician Ozzy Osbourne and fiance, Sharon Arden. (Photo by David Mcgough/DMI/The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty Images) UNITED STATES - DECEMBER 01: Ozzy and Sharon Osbourne (Photo by The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty Images) Rock singer Ozzy Osbourne at home with his family, early 1990's. From left to right, Kelly Osbourne, Ozzy Osbourne, Jack Osbourne, Sharon Osbourne and Amme Osbourne. (Photo by Dave Hogan/Getty Images) 381053 05: Singer Ozzy Osbourne and wife Sharon Arden pose for photographers at the premiere of New Line's 'Little Nicky' November 2, 2000 at Mann's Chinese Theatre in Hollywood, CA. (Photo by Chris Weeks/Liaison) HOLLYWOOD, CA - NOVEMBER 2: (L-R) Jack Osbourne, Aimee Osbourne, Kelly Osbourne, Sharon Osbourne and Ozzy Osbourne attend the premiere of 'Little Nicky' on November 2, 2000 at Mann Chinese Theater in Hollywood, California. (Photo by Ron Galella, Ltd./WireImage)

Jack Osbourne, Kelly Osbourne, Sharon Osbourne, Nicole Kidman and Natalie Portman (Photo by KMazur/WireImage) Sharon Osbourne & Jack Osbourne during 2002 MTV Movie Awards - Arrivals at Shrine Auditorium in Los Angeles, California, United States. (Photo by SGranitz/WireImage) KROCK DJ and Sharon Osbourne during KROCK 92.3 FM Radio New York - Dysfunctional Family Picnic VI - Show at Jones Beach Theater in Wantagh, New York, United States. (Photo by KMazur/WireImage) perruques cheveux naturelsSharon Osbourne and Ozzy Osbourne during The Osbourne Family Visits MTV's 'TRL' - March 17, 2002 at MTV Studios -Times Square in New York City, New York, United States. (Photo by Theo Wargo/WireImage) Sharon Osbourne and Ozzy Osbourne (Photo by Albert L. Ortega/WireImage) Musician Ozzy Osbourne (3R) and family, incl. wife Sharon (2L), daughter Kelly (C) and son Jack (R). (Photo by Mirek Towski/DMI/Time Life Pictures/Getty Images) LOS ANGELES, CA - JANUARY 26: Kelly Osbourne, Ozzy Osbourne, Sharon Osbourne and Jack Osbourne attend the 56th GRAMMY Awards at Staples Center on January 26, 2014 in Los Angeles, California. (Photo by Kevin Mazur/WireImage) Sharon Osbourne, left, and Kelly Osbourne arrive at the 20th annual Race to Erase MS event "Love to Erase MS" at the Hyatt Regency Century Plaza on Friday, May 3, 2013, in Los Angeles. (Photo by Jordan Strauss/Invision/AP) LOS ANGELES, CA - FEBRUARY 23: (L-R) Sharon Osbourne, Kelly Osbourne, Ozzy Osbourne, Aimee Osbourne and Jack Osbourne attend 42nd Annual Grammy Awards on February 23, 2000 at the Staples Center in Los Angeles, California. (Photo by Ron Galella, Ltd./WireImage) Rock performer Ozzy Osbourne, center, cast member of "Little Nicky," poses for photographers with his wife, Sharon, as fellow cast member Rodney Dangerfield looks on as they arrive at a screening of the film at Mann's Chinese Theatre in the Hollywood section of Los Angeles on Thursday, Nov. 2, 2000. (AP Photo/Kevork Djansezian)

HOLLYWOOD, CA - NOVEMBER 2: (L-R) Jack Osbourne, Aimee Osbourne, Kelly Osbourne, Sharon Osbourne and Ozzy Osbourne attend the premiere of 'Little Nicky' on November 2, 2000 at Mann Chinese Theater in Hollywood, California. (Photo by Ron Galella, Ltd./WireImage) UNITED STATES - FEBRUARY 22: Kelly, Sharon and Jack Osbourne (l. to r.) are on hand for a pre-Grammy party hosted by Clive Davis in the Grand Ballroom of the Regent Wall St. Hotel. The bash celebrated the return of the Grammy Awards to New York City for the first time since 1998. (Photo by Richard Corkery/NY Daily News Archive via Getty Images) DANCING WITH THE STARS - 'Episode 1703' - It was Hollywood night on 'Dancing with the Stars,' as 11 remaining couples took to the ballroom floor, on 'Dancing with the Stars,' MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 30 (8:00-10:01 p.m., ET), on ABC. Featuring a spectacular opening number with the entire cast, each couple took on a dance style that they had not previously performed including the Quickstep, Foxtrot, Charleston, Cha Cha, Rumba, Paso Doble and Jive. (Photo by Adam Taylor/ABC via Getty Images) TOM BERGERON, JACK OSBOURNE, SHARON OSBOURNE, KELLY OSBOURNE UNITED STATES - FEBRUARY 22: Kimberly Stewart (left), the daughter of rocker Rod Stewart, gets together with Kelly (center) and Sharon Osbourne, while Jack Osbourne stands in the background, during a pre-Grammy party in the Grand Ballroom of the Regent Wall St. Hotel. The bash celebrated the return of the Grammy Awards to New York City for the first time since 1998. (Photo by Richard Corkery/NY Daily News Archive via Getty Images) 398992 08: ***EXCLUSIVE*** (ITALY OUT) Sharon Osbourne, the wife and manager of rocker Ozzy Osbourne, leaves a hotel with her family December 24, 2001 in New York City. (Photo by Arnaldo Magnani/Getty Images) perruques cheveuxSurrounded by fans, Sharon Osbourne gives the peace sign at Ozzfest in Devore, Calif., Saturday, June 30, 2001. Osbourne, the wife of rocker Ozzy Osbourne developed the concept of the daylong heavy metal festival that is touring the country. (AP Photo/Kim D. Johnson) From left, Sharon Osbourne, Ozzy Osbourne and Kelly Osbourne arrive at the 56th annual GRAMMY awards - salute to industry icons with Clive Davis, on Saturday, Jan. 25, 2014, in Beverly Hills, Calif. (Photo by Dan Steinberg/Invision/AP) Ozzy Osbourne, left, Kelly Osbourne, center, and Sharon Osbourne arrive at the Scream Awards on Saturday Oct. 18, 2008 in Los Angeles. (AP Photo/Dan Steinberg) Sharon Osbourne, left, and her daughter Kelly arrive at the 25th annual Brit Music Awards in London, Wednesday Feb. 9, 2005. Pop and rock musicians gathered in London Wednesday for the 25th annual Brit Awards, industry-decided music awards. (AP Photo/John D McHugh) Sharon Osborne, right with her daughter Kelly and her husband Ozzy arrive at the home of Real Madrid and England soccer star David Beckham, in Sawbridgeworth England, 40 miles north of London for his eve of World Cup party, Sunday May 21, 2006. (AP Photo/Alastair Grant)

(Left to right) Kelly, Ozzy, Sharon and Jack Osbourne arrive at the 15th annual Elton John AIDS Foundation viewing party to celebrate the 79th Academy Awards, Saturday, Feb. 25, 2007 in Los Angeles. (AP Photo/Gus Ruelas) (L-R) TV Personality Sharon Osbourne, actress Leah Remini, Kelly Osbourne and TV Personality Kim Kardashian attend the 19th Annual Elton John AIDS Foundation Academy Awards Viewing Party at the Pacific Design Center on February 27, 2011 in West Hollywood, California. Kelly and Sharon Osbourne arrive at An Evening With Women: Celebrating Art, Music, & Equality at The Beverly Hilton Hotel on April 24, 2009 in Beverly Hills, California. UNITED STATES - AUGUST 24: DANCING WITH THE STARS - KELLY OSBOURNE & LOUIS VAN AMSTEL -- A singer, actress and media personality, Kelly Osbourne's father is rock icon Ozzy Osbourne, and her mother is well-known TV personality Sharon Osbourne. Kelly got her start at the age of 16 in the first-ever 'celebrity reality' TV show, 'The Osbournes,' with her famous family, which garnered an Emmy Award (r) for Outstanding Reality Program in 2002. That same year, Kelly released her debut music album, 'Shut Up!,' which included a cover of Madonna's 'Papa Don't Preach.' Her second album, 'Sleeping in Nothing,' was released in 2005 with its first single, 'One Word,' hitting No. 1 on all three Billboard Dance charts simultaneously. She made her dramatic acting debut in a starring role on the ABC series 'Life As We Know It'. In recent years Osbourne has worked primarily in the UK, where she's done theatre (including a successful run in 'Chicago' in London's West End in 2007), hosted her own weekly radio show on BBC Radio and presented numerous UK TV projects, including 'Project Catwalk,' the UK's version of 'Project Runway.' She teams up with LOUIS VAN AMSTEL, who returns for his fifth season. An all new cast of celebrities hits the dance floor on ABC's 'Dancing with the Stars' with the highly anticipated two-hour season premiere, MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 21, 2009 (8:00-10:00 p.m., ET) on ABC. (Photo by Harper Smith/ABC via Getty Images) lace front wigsDANCING WITH THE STARS - 'Episode 901A' - An all new cast of celebrities hit the dance floor on Monday night during the season premiere of ABC's 'Dancing with the Stars.' The next night, the women burned up the dance floor with their individual and group performances, TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 22 (8:00-10:00 p.m., ET), on the ABC Television Network. (Adam Larkey/ABC via Getty Images) KELLY OSBOURNE, OZZY OSBOURNE, SHARON OSBOURNE BEVERLY HILLS, CA - APRIL 24: Kelly Osbourne (L) and Sharon Osbourne arrive to 'An Evening with Women: Celebrating Art, Music & Equality' presented by the L.A. Gay & Lesbian Center held at The Beverly Hilton Hotel on April 24, 2009 in Beverly Hills, California. (Photo by Michael Tran/FilmMagic) Rocker Ozzy Osbourne left, and wife Sharon enjoy a light moment during a press conference for the Australia MTV awards in Sydney, Wednesday, March 2, 2005. Ozzy and his dysfunctional family including wife Sharon, daughter Kelly and son Jack will host the first MTV Australian Video Awards on Thursday, March 3, 2005.(AP Photo/Rob Griffith) The Osbourne family pose as they arrive at the 54th Annual Primetime Emmy Awards Sunday, Sept. 22, 2002, at the Shrine Auditorium in Los Angeles. From left are Kelly, Ozzy, Sharon, Robert Marcato and Jack. Marcato is an 18-year-old friend of Kelly's who recently moved in with the family after his mother died of the same type of cancer afflicting Sharon. (AP Photo/Laura Rauch) BEVERLY HILLS, CA - SEPTEMBER 13: (L-R) TV personality Sharon Osbourne, husband recording artist Ozzy Osbourne, son Jack Osbourne and daughter-in-law Lisa Osbourne arrive at Brent Shapiro Foundation For Alcohol And Drug Awareness' Annual 'Summer Spectacular Under The Stars' - Arrivals on September 13, 2014 in Beverly Hills, California. (Photo by Michael Bezjian/WireImage)

Sharon Osbourne, Gregg Donovan, 'Ambassador of Beverly Hills,' and Ozzy Osbourne (Photo by Amy Graves/WireImage) SHOW CAPTION + HIDE CAPTION – More from wigs 'Fuller House' star Jodie Sweetin responds to Miley Cyrus' Instagram jab Chris Pratt and Anna Faris' son Jack finally meets the penguin he named Eagle Jennifer Lopez stuns in skintight dress with boyfriend Casper Smart