Other Mineral Resources

Angola’s underground is also abundant with other minerals. From 1950s through 1975, iron ores were explored in provinces such as Malange, Bié, Huambo, and Huíla, and average output reached 5.7 million tons per year between 1970 and 1974. The most explored minerals are exported to Japan, Germany, and the United Kingdom, earning Angola $ 50 million a year.

In addition to iron ores, Angola has phosphate deposits estimated at 150 million tons, located in the provinces of Cabinda and Zaire. These resources have so far been unexplored. In Southeastern Angola in the provinces of Namibe and Huíla, marble, granite, and quartz reserves abound. Marble is especially consumed at the local market, while black granite is on demand and exported to United States and Japanese markets.

Angola also enjoys a considerable agricultural potential having a climate, soil, and topography appropriate for modern and large scale agricultural production of a wide range of crops. Thus, the country’s underground is immensely rich with minerals including oil, diamonds, gold, and iron ores. Furthermore, the country has an important hydropower, forest, and fishery potential.